As the preferred outcome of newest investigation were to see the less than-explored mechanisms one to ent out of FA inside individuals with improved membership off insecure narcissism, i in addition to incorporated this new grandiose kind of narcissism from the studies being inform you potential distinctions to vulnerable narcissism. Because of the in past times claimed self-confident organization ranging from insecure and grandiose narcissism one to express brand new center of your own narcissistic worry about , i likely to select an optimistic dating anywhere between each other types of narcissism (Theory 3a). Simultaneously, offered earlier results , grandiose narcissism was thought to be definitely associated with FA (Hypothesis 3b).
Procedure and people
The modern try integrated 327 Metersyspace users away from Germany (72.8% women; ages (years): M(SD) = (step three.96), range: 18–56; occupation: 81.3% college students, 18.7% employed; marital condition: forty-eight.9% solitary, forty eight.6% with personal mate, dos.4% married). Participants was hired of the participation welcomes displayed in the several Italian language colleges as well as public places, like bakeries. The requirement to own participation, which had been volunteer and not settled, was a current Myspace registration. The fresh new Integrity Committee of your faculty of mindset of the Ruhr-Universitat Bochum recognized new implementation of the current investigation (recognition count: 460). The present study are held into the with regards to the values shown regarding the Statement regarding Helsinki. All players was in fact fully informed regarding study and you can considering informed say yes to engage on the web. A beneficial priori used electricity analyses (G*Strength program, variation 3.1) showed that a complete test measurements of N = ninety five is actually adequate for legitimate efficiency (stamina > .80, ? = .05, average effect proportions: f dos = .15; cf., ). This new dataset used in the present studies is available in S1 Dataset.
The abridged version of the brand new Narcissistic Directory (NI-R-36; ) examined insecure narcissism. The fresh new thirty six facts (e.grams., “Anyone else is extremely shocked whenever they know regarding the my talents”) was ranked with the a great 5-section Likert scale (1 = not really correct, 5 = completely real; newest reliability: Cronbach’s ? = .94). The higher the brand new suggest get of the items, the better the degree of insecure narcissism.
To assess the level of grandiose narcissism new short-term sorts of brand new Narcissistic Character Directory (G-NPI-13; ) are integrated. It software contains 13 products that is actually ranked when you look at the pressed-alternatives format (0 = non-narcissistic: elizabeth.g., “I am not instance looking for thinking about me personally from the mirror”, 1 = narcissistic: age.grams., “I enjoy view myself on mirror”; latest accuracy: Kuder-Richardson (KR-20) = .68). High contribution ratings mean highest levels of grandiose narcissism.
This new nervousness subscale of your jak wysÅ‚aÄ‡ komuÅ› wiadomoÅ›Ä‡ na asiame Depression Stress Be concerned Balances 21 (DASS-21; ) mentioned anxiety periods over the prior day with 7 issues (“We considered frightened without having any good reason”) that are ranked into the an excellent 4-area Likert size (0 = failed to affect me personally anyway, step three = pertains to myself really or normally; latest accuracy: Cronbach’s ? = .89). The greater the sum of the score, the higher the level of stress symptoms.
Myspace Dependency (FA).
The fresh new temporary type of new Bergen Facebook Dependency Measure (BFAS; ) examined the amount of FA along side time period of one’s past year. It measure is sold with half dozen points (age.g., “Considered an urge to utilize Facebook much more about?”) according to the half a dozen key addiction enjoys (i.age., salience, tolerance, temper modification, relapse, withdrawal, conflict). Products are rated towards the a 5-point Likert size (1 = most rarely, 5 = that often; latest reliability: Cronbach’s ? = .93). Large contribution results mean higher levels of FA.
Statistical analyses were conducted with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 24) and the macro Process version 2.16.1 (processmacro.org/index.html; ). First, descriptive statistics of the investigated variables and zero-order bivariate correlations were computed. Next, to assess the predictive effect of both forms of narcissism and anxiety symptoms on FA, a three-step hierarchical regression analysis (CI 95%) was calculated. FA served as the outcome variable of the model. Age and gender were included as control variables in Step 1; in Step 2, vulnerable narcissism and grandiose narcissism were added; anxiety symptoms were added in Step 3. The model was not threatened by multicollinearity (all values of tolerance > .25, all variance inflation factor values < 5 ). Then, two mediation analyses (model 4) were calculated. Both mediation models included FA as outcome and anxiety symptoms as mediator. While in the first model, vulnerable narcissism was considered as predictor, grandiose narcissism was included as predictor in the second model. The covariates age and gender were controlled for in both models. Additionally, grandiose narcissism was controlled for in the first model, and vulnerable narcissism was controlled for in the second model. This allowed the investigation of the specific relationship between vulnerable narcissism, anxiety symptoms and FA, while controlling for grandiose narcissism, and vice versa . The relationship between vulnerable (grandiose) narcissism and anxiety symptoms was denoted by path a; the link between anxiety symptoms and FA was denoted by path b. The indirect effect was represented by the combined effect of path a and path b. The association between vulnerable (grandiose) narcissism and FA after the inclusion of anxiety symptoms in the model was denoted by path c' (the direct effect). The magnitude of the mediation effect was assessed by the bootstrapping procedure ( samples) that provides bias corrected bootstrap confidence intervals (CI 95%). PM (the ratio of indirect effect to total effect) served as the mediation effect measure.